News you can use: health & drug safety updates

2009

  • August 7, 2009
    A survey of more than 12,000 U.S. high-school seniors found that 12.3% said they had used opioid-based prescription drugs for non-medical purposes, with 8% saying they had done so within the past year. Students said they used drugs like hydrocodone, oxycodone, hydromorphone, meperidine, morphine and codeine to relax, relieve tension, get high, experiment, relieve pain, or have a good time with their friends. Those who used the drugs for reasons other than pain relief were more likely to use other addictive drugs and have signs of addictive disorders,
  • August 6, 2009
    Unsupervised children who get into the medicine cabinet at home account for 80% of accidental poisonings among youths, according to new CDC data. Medication errors by caregivers and drug abuse or misuse by teens and preteens accounted for an additional 14% of cases. Emergency department visits for unintentional poisoning involved prescription or over-the-counter medication in 68.9% of pediatric cases, according to Daniel S. Budnitz, MD, of the Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta, and colleagues. Children taking medications without supervision caused 10 times as many
  • August 4, 2009
    One in ten Americans over the age of six is taking antidepressants. That number has doubled in just one decade from just over 13 million to 27 million, according to a study released in the Archives of General Psychiatry (August 2009). This equates to nearly 10 percent of Americans — or 27 million people — taking antidepressants in 2005, the last year for which data were available at the time the study was written. That’s about twice the number in 1996. Notably, the majority of patients taking antidepressants weren't being treated for depression.
  • July 28, 2009
    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today issued a Public Health Advisory (PHA) warning consumers to stop using body building products that are represented as containing steroids or steroid-like substances. Many of these products are marketed as dietary supplements. The agency also issued a Warning Letter to American Cellular Laboratories Inc. for marketing and distributing body building products containing synthetic steroid substances. Although these products are marketed as dietary supplements, they are not dietary supplements, but instead are unapproved and misbranded drugs.
  • July 23, 2009
  • July 23, 2009
    Some pharmacists have reported that patients have changed the way they take medications because of the downturn in the economy, according to a recent survey by the American Pharmacists Association. This includes skipping doses and splitting tablets in an effort to save money. Regarding the practice of splitting tablets, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the American Medical Association, and other medical organizations advise against it unless it’s specified in the drug’s labeling. Tablet splitting often involves buying higher strength tablets and then breaking
  • July 16, 2009
    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Center for Drug Evaluation and Research (CDER), in collaboration with FDA’s Office of the Commissioner (OC), is holding a public workshop on September 24 and 25, 2009 entitled ‘‘Providing Effective Information to Consumers About Prescription Drug Risks and Benefits.’’ This public workshop is intended to explore potential approaches that will result in written prescription drug information for consumers that is comprehensible, accurate, and easy to access.
  • July 1, 2009
    On June 29 and 30, 2009, FDA held an advisory committee meeting in Adelphi, Maryland, about how to address the problem of liver injury related to the use of acetaminophen in both over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription products. For more information about the meeting, visit the Advisory Committee Web page. Acetaminophen is the generic name of a drug found in many common brand name OTC products such as Tylenol, as well as prescription products such as Vicodin and Percocet. Acetaminophen is an important drug, and its effectiveness in
  • June 17, 2009
    Teenagers with asthma are “too busy” to use their medications and often do not believe in their benefits, say researchers who assessed health beliefs in young people with asthma. It has previously been suggested that poor adherence to asthma medications in individuals aged 15–20 years contributes substantially to asthma-related morbidity in that age group. However, there have been few adherence studies in this age group, despite the fact that the organizational and behavioral skills that largely determine adherence are developed during late adolescence.
  • June 9, 2009
    One quarter of supplements tested by an independent company over the last decade have had some sort of problem. Some contained contaminants. Others had contents that did not match label claims. Some had ingredients that exceeded safe limits. Some contained real drugs masquerading as natural supplements. Examples found include:
  • Lead in ginkgo pills
  • Arsenic in herbals.
  • Bugs in a baby’s colic and teething syrup.
  • Other tests, reported in scientific journals, found prenatal vitamins lacking claimed

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